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"Vaccine Hesitancy: Exploring the Role of Temporal and Cross-country Variation in COVID Rules, Vaccine Media Coverage, and Public Health Policy Consistency"
The economic and social impact of COVID-19 mitigation policies: A cross-country analysis of macro events – TERZA ANNUALITA
CAPIRE-Cultural Adjustment Project for Improving Relations in Europe
CAPIRE (Cultural Adjustment Project for Improving Relations in Europe) aims at bridging cultural differences within the EU. By removing trade barriers and border controls among its members states and the introduction of uniform standards, the European Union has created one big… Leggi tutto common market. But Europe still has one disadvantage compared with other big economic blocks, like the U.S. and China: the linguistic and cultural differences between the constituent countries. More than ever European professionals find work in other European countries or are likely to collaborate in their work with other EU nationals. At the same time business relations and trade between companies from different EU countries are continually increasing. As a result both professionals and businesses are challenged by the cultural differences within the EU. European universities should see it as their mission to prepare their students for the future labour market, which includes working as a professional with other EU nationals or doing business for one's firm with other EU countries. Therefore, one of the skills they should acquire is to adequately deal with cultural differences. The CAPIRE project aims at exchanging knowledge between the partners and jointly developing an innovative method: building a digital training tool that is called a Culture Sensitiser (or Culture Assimilator). This tool challenges students, businessmen and private persons with realistic intercultural situations on the work floor which they have to solve. It provides them with explanations and further cultural background information. With this (digital) tool we can provide university teachers with an easy method of introducing students to real cultural differences. Our experience is that students like to solve real-life situations more than deal with abstract theories. We expect that this tool will not only raise the knowledge about but also the interest in this important subject, both among teachers and students. The Culture Sensitiser is not only useful to prepare students for a stay or work abroad, but also has a more general effect, on dealing with cultural diversity. European universities have become more and more internationalised in the last ten years, meaning that cultural diversity among students (and teachers) has greatly increased. For this reason, university boards are eager to promote an open and inclusive mindset among their students. The use of the Culture Sensitiser will definitely contribute to that goal. The Culture Sensitiser will be equally useful for professionals who are involved in international business and trade, and for private persons who are dealing with intercultural issues. Summarising, this project and the tool that will be created will help Europeans to better understand the cultural differences between them, which will lead to more effective collaboration. That is why the project has the acronym CAPIRE, which in Italian means 'to understand'.
CFI - Countering Foreign Interference
In a global context characterised by geostrategic confrontation and competing narratives, information manipulation can be used to influence perceptions on the ground or fuel a conflict by creating confusion. The transition towards a multipolar world, accelerated by recent shocks such as… Leggi tutto the Covid-19 pandemic and the 2022 war Russia has been waging in Ukraine, has created an “informational battleground”, in which malign actors resort to hybrid tools, including Foreign Information Manipulation and Interference (FIMI), to gain influence or undermine the capacities and credibility of other powers. Such a “global battle of narratives” was already described by the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission (EU HR/VP) Josep Borrell in his 2020’s article3, highlighting the impact the framing of narratives has on citizens’ perceptions and behaviour, governments’ responses and health, economic, political, democratic and security consequences where time is a crucial factor. The 2022 March Strategic Compass (p. 14) warns that the EU now faces “a competition of governance systems accompanied by a real battle of narratives”. In addition, several other key EU communication and policy efforts have already recognised the threat of disinformation and foreign interference, such as the EU Action Plan on disinformation (5 December 2018), the European Democracy Action Plan (3 December 2020), the Digital Services Act (5 July 2022), the Code of Practice on Disinformation (also this year’s (2022) new updated and expanded version), Council Conclusion on Foreign Information Manipulation and Interference (18 July 2022), among others. Therefore, this Action also aims to further the implementation of existing frameworks and promote the related knowledge and tools externally. This action aims to enable the EU to address short and medium-term foreign policy needs and opportunities in and with non-EU territories by supporting innovative policies/initiatives and by deepening EU relations and dialogues, forging alliances and partnerships, in the fields of information manipulation and other types of foreign interference. It will contribute to enhancing the resilience and responses against FIMI, strengthening the EU’s role as a global security provider and defender of democratic values. It will lead to establishing a community of practice, bringing the EU, Member States and partners closer together on the understanding of FIMI-related challenges and how to address them. While the EU has developed over the past few years many new instruments and approaches, gaps in the EU’s ability to address these growing and evolving challenges remain. Therefore, promotion of widespread understanding and visibility of the Union’s work in this domain and its role on the world scene, by means of strategic communication, public diplomacy, people-to-people contacts, cultural diplomacy, cooperation in educational and academic matters, and outreach activities to promote the Union's values and interests will be further enhanced by this Action.
DORA - Data integration for acknowledging risks and protecting children from violence
DORA addresses priority 4 of CERV-2022-DAPHNE "Supporting and improving national data collection on violence against children (VAC)”. It will contribute to the elaboration and delivery of more integrated and accurate data addressing VAC including Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, and the improvement… Leggi tutto of data analysis, fostering accurate knowledge of the intrinsic characteristics of the phenomenon.The general objective of this proposal is to identify the existing informational gaps on VAC and elaborate statistical solutions able to combine, integrate, and thus produce refined and highly available data. By focusing on Italy and directly involving, among other partners, the National Institute of Statistics, DORA will produce the following outputs: (1) identification and systematisation of all the sources currently available on VAC, pinpointing strengths and weaknesses; (2) estimation of the scope of the phenomenon, its several dimensions and risk factors; (3) definition of a new framework for measuring VAC; (4) analysis of the phenomenon through data modelling and integration; (5) support the statistical capability building on official statistics on VAC at the national and international level; (6) advancing data analysis and methodology to understand the extent of FGM/C among girls. The dissemination of the methodologies and produced results will be done at the policy and academic level and towards civil society organisations. Besides, DORA intends to share the achieved results with other countries. DORA will guide policymaking, contribute to better target resources, plan interventions, substantiate claims for funds, monitor progress and assess trends. Target groups include civil society organisations, health care providers, child protection, police, school teachers, and policymakers.
Governing Green Transitions (GOGREEN): Modelling the Co-creation of Innovative Green SDG Solutions
The economic and social impact of COVID-19 mitigation policies: A cross-country analysis of macro events – SECONDA ANNUALITA’
Y-ACT - Youth in ACTion for change
The Y-ACT general objective is preventing and fighting FGM in Italy as a violation of human rights and a form of gender based violence that affects girls and women on different dimensions of their individual, social, sexual and health life.… Leggi tutto The project has been built on relevant data and analysis of underline determinants. The latest survey conducted by the partner Università Bicocca in 2019 commissioned by the Italian Government, Equal Opportunity Department reveals the presence in Italy of 87,000 and 600 excised women, of which 7,600 minors. Y-ACT project will focus specifically on changing attitudes in target communities in 5 Italian Regions (Lombardia, Piemonte, Veneto, Toscana, Lazio), through a multidisciplinary approach concerning mutual learning and intergenerational dialogue, fostering Youth engagement, activation and leadership for change as key actors of any action of prevention with and within the communities of origin with relevant selected mentors/champions, from African and European context. WP1. Project management & coordination, monitoring, financial, administration, evaluation WP2. Empowerment, engagement and activation of Youth leaders as change agents. 30 youth leaders are selected and empowered. WP3. Community engagement and activation through the commitment of 5 Communities of Practices to raise awareness on FGM within the communities and to define an action plan to foster behavioural change. WP4. Intergenerational dialogue and practices between Youth and CoP to foster behavioural Change within the communities. WP5 Megaphones of rights to health, security, physical integrity and self-determination of girls played by Youth at European level as drivers of change in the society to end harmful practices and being the bridge between cultures and generations within the diaspora communities.
Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Constitution and EU Accession. An Academic Platform for Discussing the Options
An academic knowledge exchange program is proposed, coordinated by the University of Milano-Bicocca in collaboration with the University of Trento and EURAC Research Bolzano, to partner with BiH public Universities. A series of workshops and a final conference shall explore… Leggi tutto various options around the fundamental issues related to the constitutional challenges of EU accession. Through these activities a scholarly network shall be established which will critically accompany the political and public debate feeding in academic expertise. The results will be made available for a broader public via the OBCT TransEuropa website (in B-H-S, English and Italian) as well as in academic publications. The project will also include a technical workshop in which further cooperation activities shall be explored in order to guarantee the sustainability of the network after the end of this project. At the core of the project is a focus on the three ‘foundational’ questions, namely the formation of identities and the organization of institutions and territories. These issues are of central importance for any system of multi-level governance, conceived bottom-up from the level of local self-government to the level of European integration. Any discussion of models how to organize a peaceful living together must try to bring together the three central elements which are intimately linked, but have analytically to be distinguished: 1. What are the basic values, normative principles and rights to express all cultural, socio-economic and political identities and diversities in Bosnia and Herzegovina as a vision for the future of state and society? Which types of rights are necessary for the effective protection of individuals, groups or communities? In many public debates as well as scholarly literature, individual rights for citizens are declared incompatible with so-called ‘collective’ rights for groups or communities as precondition for the functioning of a ‘civic’, liberal and democratic state. Is such a dichotomic conceptualisation of individual versus group rights part of the solution or part of the problem? 2. What sort of institutional organization can translate these values, principles and rights into a functional system of representation and effective political participation, and which will be fit for regional and/or European integration? Any form of representative democracy needs a vision of who is to be represented by whom. Shall those who are elected represent the voters and their local or regional socio-economic interests in the respective electoral district, or rather protect the cultural identities of their voters? Are these mutually exclusive alternatives or is it possible to design a model which can serve two or more of these goals? 3. How shall these values, principles and rights be territorially organized in combination with the institutional make-up for the legislative, executive and judicial powers? What kind of federal system is Bosnia and Herzegovina, and what may be considered as an ideal combination of territorial and institutional organization of powers for the future? What are specific challenges following from the EU-integration process? The goal of the project is to illustrate the reform options for the constitutional challenges posed by EU accession and to assess the specific impact on BiH as a federal and consociational system. The project aims to learn from each others ́ perspectives and approaches and thus to enhance mutual understanding and knowledge. Hence, the above central questions shall serve as vantage point and substantial framework for a comprehensive debate. The project will bring together scholars from all over BiH as well as Italy, and other EU Member States. This will favour interdisciplinary and intercultural exchange, while discussing and developing reform options in dialogue and mutual respect. The authority of the academic institutions involved in the network and the quality of the debate and of the published results will ensure the attention of political actors. The promotion of a free academic debate, a culture of dialogue, respect and cooperation shall contribute to the public discussion and stimulate it with academic expertise on issues of priority for the political agenda. The high level of all participants – renowned scholars from Bosnian universities as well as from universities in Italy and abroad – will guarantee effective exchange and transfer of knowledge. The participants will be stimulated to continue their research and to disseminate the results of the debate also through their private and professional social networks. The results will be presented through the OBCT website (in B-H-S, English and Italian), through the publication of academic papers as well as in a final conference open to the public and media and a book containing the conference proceedings. These three levels of dissemination guarantee the reach out to different target groups.
CICERONE - Creative Industries Cultural Economy Production Network
Creative Industries Cultural Economy pROduction NEtwork (CICERONE) provides policymakers with a unique and innovative perspective from which to understand the cultural and creative industries (CCIs). Previous analyses have mapped the location and distribution of the CCIs; CICERONE innovates by exploring the flows… Leggi tutto of products and ideas that generate the economic and cultural values in and of places, and which also account for the disparities between them. Moreover, CICERONE explores the evolving relationships between cultural and the economy. Place is central to this project; place as co-produced by networks: jobs, ideas, cultures and economies all come together in unique combinations in places, this is what makes them ‘unique’. The variations in local capacities to respond to global forces determine the past, present and future of all territories. By using the global production network (GPN) approach we develop a comprehensive understanding of CCIs (in the form of industries, clusters and networks). Furthermore, CICERONE will translate this new research into a stakeholder network, and an observatory, whose designs are reflective of the network approach. These will themselves be part of European capacity building which will serve to strengthen CCIs’ collective representation, empower sustainable cocreation, and spur local cultural resilience, jobs and economic activity. At its core, CICERONE provides an academic analysis harnessed to economic, cultural and social impacts in terms of local capacity building in, and across, places; as well as deepening our understanding of the inequalities and lack of diversity of social characteristic and economic employment opportunities that characterises the CCIs.